HISTORY OF CHICKEN FARMING: THE INSIDER’S INFO ON BROILER CHICKEN
Chicken, one of the major livestock in India has the most free space to corrupt both in it’s production and sales.
Because as the demand increases, the production is also expected to increase. But unlike manufactured food, these are livestock and they don’t work that way.
Let us go back a little and find out where exactly it went wrong, shall we?
But first we need to know what does Broiler Chicken Mean?
“A broiler (Gallus gallus domesticus) is any chicken that is bred and raised specifically for meat production.”
Which brings us to the rumor that broiler chickens are genetically modified chicken, while Wikipedia says it is not so. The truth is they are simply chicken bred specially for meat.
Now that’s cleared up, let’s move on to the History Of Chicken Farming!
Believe it or not, during the 1900s (particularly from 1900 – 1920) Chicken was not even considered a livestock.
Because, the hens of the past had no regular access to basic necessities such as water and feed – this severely limited their egg laying rate and also the size which they grew. Tough times, they were.
Family Chicken Farms – Man’s First Step Towards Broiler Chicken Production
Chickens were not raised in huge numbers – a flock of 400 birds was considered large for a family farm.
Families who had flocks of this size sold eggs and chicken meat was a delicacy being reserved for special occasions and holidays only. An average chicken would lay between 80-150 eggs per year.
A chicken’s diet was basically handouts of grain, scraps and waste kitchen products. A hen destined for the pot would be fattened up with extra grains and buttermilk, only if they were available.
There were no coops too, which threatened the mortality rate of the chicken.
During winters, they lacked Vitamin D (primarily present in sunlight), which led to various health issues.
But in 1920, there was a revolution in the medical field and they found Vitamin D supplements, helping the chickens to stay healthy even during winters.
The Age of Broiler Chicken Farming
One brave woman In 1923, Mrs. Wilmer Steele of Delaware raised 500 chicks intended for meat birds (aka Broiler). This small idea did so well, that by 1926 she bought a broiler house that could accommodate 10,000 birds.
She is, to-date, considered as the pioneer of the commercial broiler industry.
This was the real beginning of confined housing for birds (aka Coops) and ‘industrial’ status for broilers.
In short, they were worthy enough to be considered as livestock.
The hens grew & laid more eggs almost 250/year and the mortality rate increased because of the favorable conditions.
The War Came And Demanded More Food
This could very well be considered where it all went wrong. After the war, the broiler industry started ‘intensive’ process to grow their chickens.
Chicken Were Not VIPs Anymore
The change happened during 1950s – 1960s.
There were improvements in broiler chicken production capabilities and lower labor requirements saw the price of eggs plummet. This led family-owned chicken farms to go bankrupt.
But it was compensated with industrialized farms.
Chickens became affordable. Broilers became the #1 source of poultry meat.
Frozen meat became famous because of the invention of Refrigerator in 1950.
The average flock sizes increased massively, however with this came issues of disease control and prevention, medicine and vaccinations.
Advancements, They Said!
There were nutrition and genetic ‘improvements’ (now known as “added preservatives”) of fowl during the 1970s with increased mechanization and then began disease eradication program.
There was also the rise of animal welfare activists in the 1980s who campaigned (and still do) for animals’ rights.
And because of that, during the 1990s, there was a movement towards natural, organic birds and eggs.
By 1992 chicken was the top selling meat, surpassing pork and beef.
Broiler Chicken Today
As you can see, many changes have affected how the chicken has been viewed and used.
Especially broiler chickens which are viewed as a generally harmful and genetically modified livestock.
What changes were made to the hen herself in order to bring chicken in the forefront of the food industry?
The aim was focused on producing birds that could be either a good egg producer, or a good meat bird. It was becoming clear that you really could not have a bird that excelled at both.
To get more meat out of the bird, they change its basic gene structure and get what is now called as “Lame Chicken”.
These Lame Chickens are characterized as abnormal chickens. They are almost in vegetative state (a minimally conscious state) and gains weight like crazy before it even comes anywhere close to the 45 days mark (the approximate days needed for a broiler chicken to reach the size appropriate to be used as a livestock)
Before a chicken needed 120 days to reach 1.5 kg live weight but it has decreased to 30 days, and that in itself says a lot about advancements that they were put under.
This way the manufacturers reach their demand easily.
The catch is that both the chicken and the consumer suffers various health issues.
Broiler chicken’s side effects are far crueler and long-lasting than what wars or drought can do.
In chickens, rapid growth can lead to metabolic disorders and in humans, It’s basically trading health with something much more sinister than sickness, it can affect a whole generation of the human race if no measure is taken.
The history of broiler chicken farming goes way back and it clearly states that we are doing it all wrong now.
Chickens, instead of cooped up, must be let free and given the right supplement and under no circumstance should be exposed to artificial gene modification.
There is just too much to lose to even consider an unhealthy alternative. So choosing the right food, especially in this era is difficult. But Ayur Eggs are as transparent as their farm. Our customers can fix appointments to look at our farms. Which proves that we are what you see and what we say.
We are not asking you to switch to Ayur eggs, but asking you to choose the healthier side.
Switch To- Healthy Ayur Chicken
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